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1891-1892 In Paris, Matisse abandons his law studies and registers at the Académie Julian, before entering Gustave Moreau’s studio at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts.

1904 Spends summer in Saint-Tropez with Signac and Henri-Edmond Cross.

1905 Summer at Collioure with Derain. Matisse emerges as a seminal figure in the ‘Fauve’ room at the Salon d’Automne.

1908 First exhibition in the United States, at Alfred Stieglitz’s ‘Gallery 291’. Publishes Notes d’un peintre.

1909 Russian art collector Sergei Shchukin commissions two panels from him.

1910 Shows at the Salon d’Automne; The Dance (second version) and Music cause a scandal.

1911-1913 Visits Shchukin in Moscow, where he sees his extraordinary collection (including the 37 Matisses acquired before 1914). Two trips to Morocco (winters of 1911-12 and 1912-13)

1914-1916 Works in Paris and Issy (The Moroccans, The Piano Lesson).

1917 Leaves for Marseilles in December, travelling on to Nice, where he works henceforth every winter.

1921 In spring, Henriette Darricarrère starts to pose regularly for him; she will become his chief model during the Odalisque period.

1930 Turning sixty, Matisse travels to New York and Tahiti. Returning in autumn, he meets Dr Albert C.

Barnes in Philadelphia, who presents him with a commission for a vast decoration intended for his Foundation at Merion.

1931 Rents a garage to work on the subject chosen for the Merion commission: The Dance. Several important retrospectives are organised in Paris, Basel and New York this same year.

1932 By spring he has finished the first version of The Dance, but errors in measurement appear, so he embarks on a second version.

1933 In May he is in New York and Merion to install The Dance, a work that has occupied him for almost three years.

1935 Lydia Delectorskaya begins posing for him in February. From now on he starts documenting the various states of his paintings.

1938 He moves into a vast apartment-studio set up for him in the Hotel Régina in the hills above Nice.

1941 In January he is diagnosed with cancer and undergoes a serious operation in Lyon. This saves his life but leaves him fragile and a semi-invalid.

1943 At the end of June he moves into Villa Le Rêve in Vence, where he will live until 1949. Autumn sees him working on layouts (cut-out gouaches) for the book that will become Jazz.

1945 Retrospective at the Salon d’Automne, Paris.

1946 Series of Interiors at Vence. A scene in a film shot by François Campaux at this time shows Matisse at work.

1947 Jazz is issued, published by Tériade.

1948 Begins to work on the chapel at Vence, starting with the initial models for the stained-glass.

1949 In early January he returns to the Régina: in two large studios, on a scale comparable to the chapel, he makes considerable progress on the project.

1951 Dedication of the Chapel. A retrospective is held in November in New York. Barr’s monograph, Matisse: His Art and His Public, is published.

1952 During spring and summer works on a series of vast gouache cut-outs: The Sadness of the King, The Parakeet and the Siren, The Swimming pool, and on the ‘Blue Nudes’.

1954 Henri Matisse dies in Nice on November 3.