© BALLESTEROS/EFE/Newscom/MAXPPP
Andy Warhol

© BALLESTEROS/EFE/Newscom/MAXPPP

Andy Warhol

1928 - 1987, Born in Pittsburgh (New-York City, United States of America)

Lived and worked in New-York City (New-York City, United States of America)

Acteur incontournable du Pop Art, Andy Warhol a créé un personnage qui, investissant le cinéma, les écrans de télévision, la culture gay et underground, propulsa la figure de l’artiste au rang d’icône sociale. 

Initially a fashion illustrator, he turned to painting at the end of the 1950s, taking his subjects from the press, comic strips and advertising. In 1962 he began screen-printing, resulting in his Campbell’s Soup series and portraits of the stars (Marilyn Monroe, Elvis Presley, Elisabeth Taylor), endlessly reproducing the same images. These reflect the collective imagination of consumer society, while other series featuring criminals, accidents, electric chairs or Jackie Kennedy in mourning reveal an idealised America shot through with violence, sex and death. In 1964 Warhol opened The Factory, a studio where he produced his paintings and films, a legendary creative space that attracted artists, poets, actors, muses, musicians and collectors. In 1963 his first self-portraits appeared, as well as his Screen Tests, uninterrupted portrait shots lasting several minutes. Then in the 1970s, and especially the 1980s, came portraits commissioned by celebrities. Made directly in photo booths or using a Polaroid Big Shot, these closely framed portraits show their subjects with a fixed gaze, fragile and "petrified", defining a world that is at once contemporary and timeless.

Selected Bibliography

Philippot , Emilia . Warhol : le grand monde d'Andy Warhol : album de l'exposition, [Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, 16 mars-13 juillet 2009]. Paris : réunion des musées nationaux, 2009.

Warhol, Andy ; Véron, Marianne. Ma philosophie de A à B et vice-versa. [Paris] : Flammarion, 2007. 

Warhol, Andy ; Goldsmith, Kenneth ; Cueff, Alain... [et al.]. Entretiens : 1962-1987. Paris : Grasset, 2006. 

Elger, Dietmar. Andy Warhol : Selbstportraits = self-portraits : [Ausstellung, Kunstverein St. Gallen Kunstmuseum, 12. Juni bis 12. September 2004 ; Sprengel-Museum Hannover, 3. Oktober 2004 bis 16. Januar 2005 ; Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh, February 12 until May 2, 2005]. Ostfildern-Ruit : Hatje Cantz, 2004. 

McShine, Kynaston ; Blistène, Bernard ; Chevalier, Jacqueline. Andy Warhol : rétrospective : [exposition, Paris, Musée national d'art moderne, 21 juin-10 septembre 1990]. Paris : Centre Georges Pompidou, 1990.

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