© Jack Mitchell / Getty Images
Nam June Paik

© Jack Mitchell / Getty Images

Nam June Paik

1932 - 2006, born in Seoul  (South Korea)


Korean-born Nam June Paik is considered to be one of the founders of video art. 

After studying art history and music in Tokyo, he moved to Germany in 1956. There, he got to know Karlheinz Stockhausen, who introduced him to electroacoustic music and the work of John Cage. In 1960 Paik joined the Fluxus movement and performed many pieces based on the deconstruction of sound forms. At the same time he was making his first works incorporating television. These generally examined the possibilities of manipulating and colouring images through sound or by disturbing the cathode ray tube. Using multiple images, collage, inlay and layering in a random manner, he created video sculptures, sometimes anthropomorphic, in which images flash by rapidly on a stack of monitors. Greatly ahead of his time, in 1974 he invented forms of mixing and sampling, and in 1984 he anticipated the planetary dimension of art through his interest in satellite communication.

Selected Bibliography

Lee, Sook-Kyung ; Rennert, Suzanne. Nam June Paik : [exhibition, Museum Kunstpalast, Düsseldorf, 11 September-21 November 2010 ; Foundation for Art and Creative Technology, Liverpool, 17 December 2010-13 March 2011]. London : Tate publishing, 2010. 

Hanhardt, John G. ; Solomon R. Guggenheim museum (New York, N.Y.). The worlds of Nam June Paik : [exhibition, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, February 11-April 26, 2000]. New York : Guggenheim Museum Publications, 2000. 

Fargier, Jean-Paul. Nam June Paik. [Paris] : Art press, 1989.

Musée d'art moderne de la ville de Paris (Paris) ; Pagé, Suzanne. Nam June Paik : la fée électronique : [exposition], 28 avril-31 octobre 1989, Musée d'art moderne de la Ville de Paris. Paris : Paris-Musées : Musée d'art moderne de la Ville de Paris, ARC, 1989.  

Hayward gallery (Londres). Nam June Paik : video works 1963-88 : [exhibition], Hayward Gallery, London, 29 September - 11 December 1988. London : South Bank Centre, 1988. 

***   All materials available at the Documentation Centre of the Fondation  ***