Nam June Paik
Korean-born Nam June Paik is considered to be one of the founders of video art. After studying art history and music in Tokyo, he moved to Germany in 1956. There, he got to know Karlheinz Stockhausen, who introduced him to electroacoustic music and the work of John Cage. In 1960 Paik joined the Fluxus movement and performed many pieces based on the deconstruction of sound forms.
At the same time he was making his first works incorporating television. These generally examined the possibilities of manipulating and colouring images through sound or by disturbing the cathode ray tube. Using multiple images, collage, inlay and layering in a random manner, he created video sculptures, sometimes anthropomorphic, in which images flash by rapidly on a stack of monitors. Greatly ahead of his time, in 1974 he invented forms of mixing and sampling, and in 1984 he anticipated the planetary dimension of art through his interest in satellite communication.